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Digestive system or gastrointestinal system represents a group of organs that participate in the digestive processes. Digestive system begins in the mouth cavity and ends at the anus. Other part of the digestive system include: esophagus, stomach, small and large bowel(sometime called colon), rectum. Besides, digestive system includes liver that produces bile and exerts antitoxic action and pancreas that produces digestive enzymes.
Each of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract performs its own function in the process of digestion. For example, stomach is essential for the chemical and physical digestion of the food that comes from the mouth cavity, its deposition and evacuation to the duodenum. The parietal cells of the stomach produce digestive juice that contains digestive enzymes and acid hydrochloric that helps to breakdown proteins and other chemicals to the simpler and smaller molecules so that body could absorb them and use to produce energy.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are very frequent and affect millions of people all over the world each ear. Some of the gastrointestinal tract diseases are of the bacterial or viral origin, other are caused by the intoxications, disorders of the nervous system. Currently there are known more than ten thousands of the digestive system's diseases. Some of the them are not severe and can easily be treated, while other are serious and require life-long treatment.
The most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are:
- Diseases of the stomach including gastritis or ulcer
- Gastro-esophageal reflux disease
- Ulcerative colitis
- Fungal, viral or bacterial infection of the stomach
- Inflammatory bowel disease
If you experience any diseases of the digestive system you may consult our qualified pharmacists which can help you to find the best decision and approach in the treatment of your health problems.